Some Facts About the Slovene Language3 min read

If you are already living in Slovenia or if you want to move to Slovenia, it is good to know some basics of the Slovenian language. Some Facts About the Slovene Language.

If you want to learn it properly then it is very difficult. Probably because it is very special. The Slovenian language was the first written Slavic language and is considered to be one of the most archaic languages in Europe.

  • Slovene is only spoken by just over 2.3 million people

  • Slovene uses the letter Č, Š, Ž
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  • Slovene is the oldest written Slavic language

  • There are 46 different dialects in Slovenia

  • Slovene uses “dual” (Slovene is one of the rare Indo-European languages which still uses dual – a grammatical number that some languages use in addition to singular and plural. It is also the only official language of the European Union that uses dual. Dual is used when referring to precisely two persons, object or concepts, identified by the noun or pronoun.)

  • Slovene was the 12th language in the world with a complete Bible translation

  • The Slovenian language does not possess any vulgar, curse words – more

And here are some more historical facts about Slovenian and Sanskrit Surprising Similarities

  • The similarities between Slovenian and Sanskrit are surprising.

  • Sanskrit has a phonetic script, the same as the Slovenian language.

  • They also share the reversed sequence of ones and tens. For example, 31, written as ‘enaintrideset’ in Slovenian, is literally translated as ‘one and thirty’. In Sanskrit 31 is written as ‘eka-trimšat’, ‘one and thirty’.

  • Slovenian and Sanskrit are the only languages know, which have the grammatical number dual. What appear to be remnants of dual that are still notable in Ukrainian, and some other Slavic languages, in fact, have nothing to do with the grammatical dual, the similarities are coincidental.

  • The Slovenian language has six cases, three grammatical numbers (singular, dual, plural), and three grammatical genders (masculine, feminine, neuter). Sanskrit is identical with the exception that features one more case, ‘ablativ’.

Through history, Slovenians learned about the similarities between their language and Sanskrit. A hundred years later foreign lexicologists have discovered an astounding fact, that Sanskrit and Slovenian share in total more than 30% of their linguistic core roots. In addition, they have also many common grammatical characteristics; only these two languages are known for dual, and their declensions are almost completely identical.

With these discoveries, some linguists have concluded that similarities between the languages are the results of Sanskrit influencing Slovenian but some others claim that a version of Slovenian, older than Sanskrit existed. This ancient form of Slovenian is said to be more similar to ancient Sanskrit.

Some example:

English Slovenian Sanskritto
to give dati dadhate
day dan dina
heaven nebesa nabhas
to hold prijeti parjeti
to drive peljati se palati
to drink piti pitje
mother mater matr
fog megla megha
to live živeti živati
winter zima hima
to walk hoditi hudati

And some example for the numbers:

  Slovenian Sanskrit
1 ena eka
2 dve dve
3 tri trini
4 štiri čatvari
5 pet panča
6 šest šat
3rd tretji tritija
4rd četrti čaturthi

It is actually difficult to determine which languages are the oldest and several linguistic scholars lament the scarcity of evidence to make concrete conclusions.
Linguistic comparisons between Indo-Aryan languages, Vedic Sanskrit in particular, and Slavic languages – more

We wish you a lot of joy and courage in learning this beautiful and rich Slovenian language.


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